As Time Marched On And On…….(A Historical Timeline)


1860 – Montreal Hochelaga Club (1858) merged with Beaver Club (1859) and played before the 19-year-old Prince of Wales
who was later to become King Edward VII.

1865 – Lacrosse was introduced to England.

1866 — Whites players switched from moccasins to light boots which seemed to give them an advantage in footing.

1867 –  First uniform playing code was formulated in Montreal by Dr. William George Beers, “the father of modern lacrosse.” Teams were restricted to 12 players a side. 

Lacrosse was adopted as the national game of Canada (July 1) through the efforts of Dr. Beers.

 The Canadian National Lacrosse Association was founded (September 28).

Upper Canada College was the first college in the world to play lacrosse (October 26 – played against Toronto with nine men on a side).

1867 – Captain W. B. Johnston of the Montreal Club took 18 Caughnawaga Indians to Great Britain (Crystal Palace, London),
Ireland and France (World’s Fair, Paris) for exhibition games.

1868 — English Lacrosse Association was formed (February 12). 

First attempt to play “fire ball” lacrosse in Ottawa (August 18). The lacrosse ball was saturated with turpentine and ignited,
but the experiment failed the lacrosse stick and ball fell apart. 

First national lacrosse tournament was held at Brant Lacrosse Club in Pahis, Ont. (September). Twelve teams participated
and Dr. Beers refereed the games. St. Regis Indians downed Prescott, Ont. (2-0) in the final game.

1869 — Dr. Beers wrote the first book on lacrosse, Lacrosse : the National Game of Canada, published in Montreal and New York. A British edition appeared in 1875.

Honorary presidency of Ontario Club was accepted by Prince Arthur, -son of’ Queen Victoria, who became Governor General of Canada in 1911.

1871 – Prince Rupert Lacrosse Club was organized in Winnipeg. By 1886 a six-club association, was formed in Manitoba.

1874 — L. L. Mount of the Montreal Club, introduced lacrosse to Australia.

1876 – Dr. Beers accompanied the Montreal Club and Caughnawaga team to England to play before Queen Victoria at
Windsor Castle (June 26).  England sent a lacrosse team to Glasgow.

1877 – Intercollegiate lacrosse began in New York City.

1878 – Lacrosse was introduced to New Zealand.

1879 – Lacrosse was organized in Ireland. Scotland played Ireland.

1880 – California State Lacrosse Association was formed.  National Lacrosse Association of Canada voted
to become a purely amateur organization effectively barring the Indians from further championship competition. (Indians were considered professionals and paid for their lacrosse games). In retaliation, the Indians organized their own annual tournament to determine the  Indian Championship of the world. (June 1). 

1881 — Montreal Lacrosse, Snowshoe and Bicycle Clubs merged to form Montreal Amateur Athletic Association.

1882 — A. W. Stevenson-, first president of the Montreal Amateur Athletic Association inaugurated district championships with medals going to members of a winning team.

1884 — Twenty thousand men and boys played lacrosse in Canada.

1887 — Twenty-three clubs formed Canada Lacrosse Association at Rossin House in Toronto. (April 22).  Lacrosse was introduced at the University of Toronto.

1888 — At a convention in Cornwall, a time limit was introduced. Prior to that, the first team to score three goals won.
Another important rule provided for tape across tops of goal posts which were seven feet across. 

1889 — Montreal, Toronto, the Shamrocks, Cornwall and the Capitals of Ottawa withdrew from the National Association and formed the National Amateur Lacrosse Union, which became the dominating force in the world of lacrosse.

1890 – Clubs from Vancouver, Victoria and New Westminster organized the British Columbia Amateur Lacrosse Association. (March 22).

1900 – Shamrocks of Montreal (amateur) played the Athletics of St. Catharines (professional) in defiance of edict of the
Amateur Athletic Association. After that exhibition, amateurs and professionals openly mingled in competitions.

1901 –  The Earl of Minto, Governor-Generäl of Canada, presented a silver cup for championship teams of senior lacrosse leagues in Canada. The Duke and Duchess of York (later King George and Queen Mary) were present at the first
game played for the Minto Cup between Ottawa and Cornwall.

1902 – Toronto club visits the British Isles.

1904 – Minto Cup competition open to amateurs and professionals. Lacrosse championships contested at Olympic Games
in St. Louis, Missouri.

1908 – U.K opposed Canada at Olympic Games in London .

1910 — Sir Donald Mann, builder of Canadian National Railway, donated a gold cup valued at $2,500, emblematic of the senior amateur championship of the Dominion.

1914 — Decline of lacrosse.

1928 — Under coaching of Dr. W. A. Dafoe and Lester B. Pearson, a University of Toronto Lacrosse Team visited the United States. Their last visit was made in 1930. Series of lacrosse exhibition games played at Olympic Games in Amsterdam. International Federation of Amateur Lacrosse organized in Amsterdam. 

1930 — Joseph B. Lally of Cornwall donated a trophy for annual competition between Canada and the U .S.

1933 — The number of players on a team was restricted to 10. The war and depression years caused the decline of
all sports in Canada. And it was not until the late 1940s that box lacrosse regained its prominence in southern
Ontario. The urban explosion in the late 1950s, generated the building of many recreational facilities and lacrosse
again once prospered at an amateur level in British Columbia, Manitoba, Southern Ontario and Quebec. Since that time
the game has grown at a rapid pace and is now one of the most popular summer sports at the amateur levels
during the summer months in many parts of Canada.

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